Academic Programs Catalog

College of Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary Technology

Helene E. Pazak, Director


Veterinary technicians and technologists are compassionate, highly motivated paraprofessionals dedicated to animal health care. As integral members of the veterinary health care team, they are entrusted with diverse medical responsibilities that include animal nursing care, laboratory specimen analysis, surgical assistance, anesthesia, radiographic imaging (x-ray), nutritional management, dental prophylaxis, physical therapy, and client education. These varied duties afford the veterinary paraprofessional a profound impact on every aspect of animal care. Their involvement enables veterinary hospitals and animal care and research facilities to offer expanded services efficiently and effectively.

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) recognizes two levels of training for the veterinary paraprofessional:  veterinary technician and veterinary technologists.  The Certificate of Completion at Michigan State University prepares veterinary technicians and the Bachelor of Science degree prepares veterinary technologists. The Certificate of Completion is two-year training program. After completion of the pre-clinical courses, students complete clinical clerkship training at the Michigan State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Through the clinical clerkships, the students develop and apply their knowledge and problem-solving skills in a functional hospital setting.  The level of training of the veterinary technician is most appropriate for individuals who seek employment in privately owned veterinary clinical practices.

Veterinary technologists require four years of academic training. In addition to the core curriculum of the Certificate of Completion, the students complete the general education requirements of Michigan State University and elective courses.  The elective courses allow the students to focus on potential career paths within the veterinary profession such as production animal medicine, equine and companion animal medicine, pathology, biomedical research, and practice management. Their training offers exposure to clinical specialty areas such as emergency medicine, cardiology, ophthalmology, equine anesthesia, and necropsy.  The level of training of the veterinary technologist is linked with employment in research facilities, vivaria, industry, educational institutions, pharmaceutical companies, and large-group or speciality practices.

The state of Michigan requires that any person practicing as a veterinary technician/technologist must be licensed and registered with the state. Regulation of veterinary technicians/technologists is the responsibility of the Veterinary Board of Examiners in the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulation. The credentialing examination is only available to qualified graduates of accredited training programs. The Veterinary Technology Program is accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and graduates of the Certificate of Completion or Bachelor of Science in Veterinary Technology are eligible to take the National and State Board Examinations for licensure.

Enrollment in the Veterinary Technology Program’s academic certificate and degree options is limited.  Students are admitted for fall semester only.  Applications for admission are accepted through January 15th of the year that admission is sought. For additional information, contact the Veterinary Technology Program, Veterinary Medical Center-South Building, 784 Wilson Road, Room F-101, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1316 or visit http://cvm.msu.edu.

The Certificate of Completion articulates with an Associate in Applied Sciences degree from Lansing Community College.  For specific degree requirements for the Associate in Applied Science, contact Lansing Community College at http://www.lcc.edu.

Bachelor of Science

Admission

The number of students who can be admitted to the Bachelor of Science degree program in veterinary technology is limited.  All persons who are interested in applying for admission to the bachelor's degree program in veterinary technology must request a special application form and detailed information regarding admission requirements and procedures from the Veterinary Technology Program, Veterinary Medical Center-South Building, 784 Wilson Road, Room F-101, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1316.

Applications for admission to the bachelor's degree program in veterinary technology are accepted through January 15th of the year that admission is sought.

Students who are enrolled in colleges and universities other than Michigan State University should contact Michigan State University's Office of Admissions and the College of Veterinary Medicine regarding admission to the bachelor's degree program in veterinary technology as transfer students.

Minimal criteria for admission to the Bachelor of Science degree program in Veterinary Technology are:

  1. Completion of at least 28 credits of the University graduation requirements or transfer equivalents with a cumulative grade-point average of 2.5 or higher including:
    1. Mathematics 103 or 110 or 116 or 124 or 132 or 152H.
    2. Biological Science 161 and 171.
    3. Tier I writing course.
    4. Additional credits selected from an Integrative Studies in the Arts and Humanities course numbered below 211, an Integrative Studies in the Arts and Humanities course numbered 211 or higher, an Integrative Studies in the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences 200-level course, and an Integrative Studies in the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences 300-level course.

The final selection of students to be admitted to the baccalaureate degree program in veterinary technology is based on the cumulative grade-point average of all courses taken, the grade-point average calculated on all courses in mathematics and the physical and biological sciences, and the grade-point average of the last 12 credits. The selection process also  includes submission of a personal statement, letters of recommendation and documentation of 80 hours of veterinary related experience.

Students who complete the requirements for the Bachelor of Science degree in Veterinary Technology will be qualified to take the National and State Board Examinations for licensure as veterinary-technicians.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Veterinary Technology

  1. The requirements for a bachelor's degree as specified in the Undergraduate Education section of the University catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Veterinary Technology.
    The completion of Mathematics 110 or 116 that is referenced in item 2. b. below may also be used to satisfy the University mathematics requirement.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the Veterinary Technology major is met by completing the following courses:  Veterinary Medicine 410, 411, 412, 413, and 415. Those courses are referenced in items 2. a. and 2. d. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the Bachelor of Science degree in Veterinary Technology may complete the alternative track in Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that consists of the following courses: Biological Sciences 161, 162, 171, and 172; and Chemistry 141. The completion of Biological Science 171 satisfies the laboratory requirement. Biological Science 162 and 172 and Chemistry 141 may be counted toward both the alternative track and the requirements for the major referenced in item 2. below.
  2. The following requirements for the major (103 credits):
                 
  a. All of the following courses (73 credits):  
    BS 161 Cell and Molecular Biology 3
    BS 162 Organismal and Population Biology 3
    BS 171 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory 2
    BS 172 Organismal and Population Biology Laboratory 2
    CEM 141 General Chemistry 4
    VM 110 Veterinary Medical Terminology 1
    VM 120 Veterinary Comparative Nutrition
    VM 130 Comparative Anatomy for Veterinary Technicians 2
    VM 140 Pharmacology for Veterinary Technicians 2
    VM 150 Hospital Procedures and Communication 2
    VM 155 Veterinary Technology Careers and Professional Development  
    VM 160 Small Animal Nursing Skills 3
    VM 165 Large Animal and Laboratory Animal Nursing Care Techniques 2
    VM 170 Hematology and Immunology for Veterinarian Technicians 2
    VM 175 Clinical Pathology Laboratory I for Veterinarian Technicians 1
    VM 176 Clinical Pathology Laboratory II for Veterinarian Technicians 1
    VM 205 Preventive Animal Health Care for Veterinary Technicians 3
    VM 210 Surgical Nursing for Veterinary Technicians 2
    VM 215 Surgical Nursing and Anesthetic Management Laboratory 1
    VM 245 Parasitology for Veterinary Technicians 2
    VM 250 Veterinary Comparative Clinical Physiology 5
    VM 255 Small Animal Diseases and Management 3
    VM 265 Dentistry Techniques for Veterinary Technicians 1
    VM 270 Advanced Skills Development for Veterinary Technicians 1
    VM 275 Large Animal Diseases and Management 3
    VM 295 Biomedical Research and Regulatory Issues for Veterinary Technicians
    VM 303 Anesthesiology for Veterinary Technicians 2
    VM 304 Radiology for Veterinary Technicians 2
    VM 305 Hospital Practice Management for Veterinary Technicians 2
    VM 410 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Anesthesiology 3
    VM 411 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Radiology 3
    VM 412 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Companion Animal Medicine 3
    VM 413 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Companion Animal Surgery 3
  b. One of the following courses (5 credits):  
    MTH 110 Finite Mathematics and Elements of College Algebra 5
    MTH 116 College Algebra and Trigonometry 5
  c. At least 7 credits from the following courses approved by the student's academic advisor.  
    ABM 100 Decision-making in the Agri-Food System 3
    ABM 225 Commodity Marketing I 3
    ACC 230 Survey of Accounting Concepts 3
    ANS 305 Applied Animal Behavior 3
    ANS 313 Principles of Animal Feeding and Nutrition 4
    ANS 314 Genetic Improvement of Domestic Animals 4
    ANS 404 Advanced Animal Genetics 2
    ANS 407 Food and Animal Toxicology 3
    ANS 413 Monogastric Animal Nutrition 3
    ANS 417 Topics in Toxicology 1
    ANS 445 Equine Exercise Physiology 4
    EPI 390 Disease in Society: An Introduction to Epidemiology and Public Health
    PHM 350 Introductory Human Pharmacology 3
    VM 285 Clinical Nutrition for Veterinary Technologists 1
    VM 310 Advanced Clinical Pathology Techniques 1
    ZOL 313 Animal Behavior 3
    ZOL 341 Fundamentals of Genetics 4
    ZOL 369 Introduction to Zoo and Aquarium Science 3
    ZOL 402 Neurobiology 3
    ZOL 408 Histology   4
    ZOL 413 Laboratory in Behavioral Neuroscience (W) 4
    ZOL 415 Ecological Aspects of Animal Behavior (W) 3
    ZOL 430 Neuroendocrine Aspects of Behavior 3
  d. At least 18 credits from the following courses or from the courses listed in item 2. c.  All course selections must be approved by the student's academic advisor.  
    VM 414 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Equine Medicine and Surgery 3 to 6
    VM 415 Veterinary Technician Clerkship in Food Animal and Equine Medicine and Surgery 3 to 6
    VM 450 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Emergency Medicine 3
    VM 451 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Cardiology 3
    VM 452 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Neurology 3
    VM 453 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Ophthalmology 3
    VM 454 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Critical Care 3
    VM 466 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Large Animal Anesthesia
    VM 470 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Food Animal Medicine 3 to 6
    VM 480 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Clinical Pathology 3
    VM 482 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Necropsy 3
    VM 483 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Biomedical Research 3 to 12
    VM 484 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Zoo and Wildlife 3 to 12
    VM 486 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Clinical Parasitology 3
    VM 490 Veterinary Technology Clerkship in Special Problems 3 to 12