Academic Programs Catalog

College of Social Science

Department of History

Walter W. Hawthorne III, Chairperson

The Department of History offers courses which deal with human societies in all geographical regions and time–periods. Courses in African, Asian, Latin American, European, and North American history focus on issues of race, ethnicity, politics, military affairs, sexuality, and gender while providing insight into the human condition as a whole.

All courses in history have the goal of helping students learn how to think and write historically in a critical manner. History courses emphasize learning how to identify viewpoints, gather and organize information, present conclusions in essays and on the internet, distinguish facts from interpretations, recognize historical relationships and patterns, and appreciate the relevance of historical insight to the understanding of current events and problems.

By involving all students in the process of careful analysis of evidence and thoughtful, cogent expression of ideas, the department seeks to equip students with intellectual skills which have multiple uses in the larger society outside the university. Its programs, in addition to providing a liberal education, are designed to serve as professional preparation in various fields, including teaching; the law; federal, state, and local government; work in historical societies and museums; Web site development and research.




Undergraduate Programs

The department offers a Bachelor of Arts degree in History, a Bachelor of Arts degree in Global History, and a Bachelor of Arts degree in History Education for student's pursuing teacher certification. Students interested in teacher certification should contact the student affairs advisor in the College of Education. A Minor in Defense Studies and Leadership is also available.
 


Global History

Requirements for the Bachelor of Arts Degree in Global History

  1. The University requirements for bachelor’s degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of the catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Arts degree in Global History.

    The University’s Tier II writing requirement for the Global History major is met by completing one of the following courses:  History 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, or 489. Those courses are referenced in item 3. below.
  2. The requirements of the College of Social Science for the Bachelor of Arts degree.
  3. The following requirements for the major:
    a. The following course (3 credits):
    HST 201 Historical Methods and Skills 3
    b. Two of the following courses (8 credits):
    HST 140 World History to 1500 4
    HST 150 World History since 1500 4
    HST 205 The Ancient Mediterranean and the Medieval World 4
    HST 206 European History since 1500 4
    HST 208 Introduction to African History, Culture and Society 4
    HST 209 Traditional East Asia 4
    HST 210 Modern East Asia 4
    HST 211 Colonial Latin America 4
    HST 212 National Latin America 4
    c. Three courses at the 300-400 level focused on one of the following geographic areas:  Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America. The courses must be approved by the student’s academic advisor. (9 credits) 
    d. Two courses at the 300-400 level focused on a geographic area other than the area chosen in item c. above. The courses must be approved by the student’s academic advisor. (6 credits)
    e. One 3-credit senior seminar course chosen from HST 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, or 488. The course must be related to the area of historical concentration chosen in item c. above. Completion of this requirement satisfies both the department’s Tier II writing and capstone requirement.
    f. Completion of one experiential learning course, a history study abroad or study away course, an internship with a historical focus (HST 493), or an additional senior seminar course focused on any area of the world or topic not used in fulfillment of requirement e. above. The course must be approved by the student’s academic advisor. (3 credits)
    g. Completion of an area studies minor appropriate to the geographical area of concentration referenced in requirement c. above. History courses taken in the minor may also be used to fulfill requirements in the major.
    h. Second-year competency in a foreign language related to the geographical area of concentration reference in item c. above. This requirement may be satisfied by placing into a 300-level foreign language course based on a Michigan State University placement test. 


 

History

Requirements for the Bachelor of Arts Degree in History

  1. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the  Undergraduate Education section of this catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Arts degree in History.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the History major is met by completing one of the following courses:  History 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, or 489.  Those courses are referenced in item 3. below.
  2. The requirements of the College of Social Science for the Bachelor of Arts degree.
  3. The following requirements for the major (36 credits):
                   
    a. One of the following courses (3 credits):
    HST 201 Historical Methods and Skills 3
    HST 201H Historical Methods and Skills for Honors Students 3
    b. Three of the following courses (12 credits):
    HST 140 World History to 1500 4
    HST 150 World History since 1500 4
    HST 202 U.S. History to 1876 4
    HST 203 U.S. History since 1876 4
    HST 205 The Ancient Mediterranean and the Medieval World 4
    HST 206 European History since 1500 4
    HST 208 Introduction to African History, Culture and Society 4
    HST 209 Traditional East Asia 4
    HST 210 Modern East Asia 4
    HST 211 Colonial Latin America 4
    HST 212 National Latin America 4
    c. Two of the following courses (6 credits):
    HST 480 Seminar in American History (W) 3
    HST 481 Seminar in Ancient History (W) 3
    HST 482 Seminar in Medieval History (W) 3
    HST 483 Seminar in Modern European History (W) 3
    HST 484 Seminar in African History (W) 3
    HST 485 Seminar in Asian History (W) 3
    HST 486 Seminar in Latin American History (W) 3
    HST 487 Seminar in Comparative History (W) 3
    HST 488 Seminar in International Relations (W) 3
    HST 489 Seminar in Digital History (W) 3
    The completion of this requirement satisfies the department's capstone course requirement. With the prior approval of the undergraduate advisor and internship coordinator, an internship taken for at least 3 credits may be substituted for the capstone course requirement.
    Exception: credits in History 490 or 499H may not be used to satisfy this requirement.
    d. Twelve credits in History courses at the 300-400 level.
    e. Three additional credits in a History course.
    f. At least two courses totaling 6 credits from at least three of the following geographical areas: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin American, the United States, or the world. This requirement may be fulfilled by the courses referenced in items 3. b. through 3. e.
    g. At least two courses totaling 6 credits whose emphasis is on the period before 1800. This requirement may be fulfilled by the courses referenced in items 3. b. through 3. e.
    h. At least two courses totaling 6 credits whose emphasis is on the period after 1800. This requirement may be fulfilled by the courses referenced in items 3. b. through 3. e.


History Education

Requirements for the Bachelor of Arts Degree in History Education

1. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the  Undergraduate Education section of this catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Arts degree in History Education.
The University's Tier II writing requirement for the History Education major is met by completing one of the following courses:  History 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, or 488.  Those courses are referenced in item 3.c. below.
2. Students in the History Education major are not required to complete the College of Social Science requirements referenced under the heading Graduation Requirements for the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science Degrees in the the College of Social Science section of this catalog.
3. The following requirements for the major:
a. All of the following courses (22 credits):
HST 140 World History to 1500 4
HST 150 World History since 1500 4
HST 201 Historical Methods and Skills 3
HST 202 U.S. History to 1876 4
HST 203 U.S. History since 1876 4
HST 320 History of Michigan 3
b. One 300-400 level history course that is not on the United States. The course must be approved by the student's academic advisor and may not have been used to fulfill any other requirement.
c. One of the following courses (3 credits):
HST 480 Seminar in American History (W) 3
HST 481 Seminar in Ancient History (W) 3
HST 482 Seminar in Medieval History (W) 3
HST 483 Seminar in Modern European History (W) 3
HST 484 Seminar in African History (W) 3
HST 485 Seminar in Asian History (W) 3
HST 486 Seminar in Latin American History (W) 3
HST 487 Seminar in Comparative History (W) 3
HST 488 Seminar in International Relations (W) 3
d. Two 300-400 level history courses approved by the student's academic advisor. These courses may not be used to fulfill any other requirement.
4. All of the following courses (9 credits);
GEO 204 World Regional Geography 3
GEO 221 Introduction to Geographic Information 3
GEO 330 Geography of the United States and Canada 3
5. A secondary disciplinary teaching minor chosen from the list of approved secondary education minors for teacher certification. Refer to the Teacher Certification section of the Department of Teacher Education (20 to 26 credits)
6. All of the following courses (20 or 21 credits):
TE 150 Reflections on Learning 3
TE 250 Human Diversity, Power and Opportunity in Social Institutions 3
TE 302 Learners and Learning in Contexts - Secondary (W) 4
TE 407 Teaching Subject Matter to Diverse Learners - Secondary (W) 5
TE 408 Crafting Teaching Practice - Secondary (W) 5
Students whose teaching major and minor are in different subject matter are also required to complete the following course:
TE 409 Crafting Teaching Practices in the Secondary Teaching Minor 1


Minor in Defense Studies and Leadership

The Minor in Defense Studies and Leadership, which is administered by the Department of History, provides students with a broad perspective on the military with analysis of all service branches of the Armed Forces from a historical and social scientific perspective. It also prepares current cadets for active duty service.

The minor is available as an elective to students who are enrolled in bachelor’s degree programs at Michigan State University.  With the approval of the department and college that administers the student’s degree program, the courses that are used to satisfy the minor may also be used to satisfy the requirements for the bachelor’s degree.

Students who plan to complete the requirements for the minor should consult an undergraduate advisor in the Department of History.

Requirements for the Minor in Defense Studies and Leadership

               
Students must complete 22 credits from the following:  
1. One course from each of the following groups (4 credits):  
  a. AS 111 Foundation of the United States Air Force I 1
    MS 110 Army Leadership and Officer Development 1
  b. AS 112 Foundation of the United States Air Force II 1
    MS 120 Introduction to Army Leadership and Problem-Solving 1
  c. AS 211 The Evolution of USAF Air and Space Power I 1
    MS 210 Values and Ethics of Army Leaders 1
  d. AS 212 The Evolution of USAF Air and Space Power II 1
    MS 220 Challenges in Army Leadership 1
2. One of the following groups of courses (6 credits):  
  a. AS 321 Air Force Leadership Studies I 3
    AS 322 Air Force Leadership Studies II 3
  b. MS 310 Leading and Problem Solving in Army Units 3
    MS 320 Army Small Unit Tactics and Leadership 3
3. One of the following groups of courses (6 credits):  
  a. AS 421 National Security Affairs 3
    AS 422 National Security Affairs and Preparation for Active Duty 3
  b. MS 410 Adaptive Army Leadership 3
    MS 420 Army Leadership in a Complex World 3
4. One of the following courses (3 credits):  
  HST 304 The American Civil War 3
  HST 326 United States Foreign Relations Since 1914 3
  HST 328 Military History of the United States 1900-Present 3
  HST 390 History of International Relations 3
  HST 395 The Social History of War 3
  HST 414 World War II: Causes, Conduct and Consequences 3
5. One of the following courses (3 credits):  
  CJ 422 Comparative and Historical Criminal Justice 3
  CJ 439 Homeland Security 3
  CJ 473 Comparative Constitutional Law 3
  PLS 140 Government and Politics of the World 3
  PLS 344 Politics in the Third World 3
  PLS 362 Foreign Policy 3
  PLS 363 International Political Conflict 3
  PSY 255 Industrial and Organizational Psychology 3
  SOC 331 Political Sociology 3

Minor in The City: Environment, Design, and Society

The Minor in The City: Environment, Design, and Society, administered by the Department of History, is designed to assist students in understanding the social and environmental context of cities in the modern world in order to apply their learning in careers in various social science fields. 

The minor is available as an elective to students who are enrolled in bachelor’s degree programs in the College of Social Science. With the approval of the department and college that administer the student’s degree program, the courses that are used to satisfy the minor may also be used to satisfy the requirements for the bachelor’s degree.

Students who plan to complete the requirements of the minor should consult their major undergraduate advisor in the College of Social Science.

Requirements for the Minor in The City: Environment, Design, and Society

Complete a minimum of 15 credits from the following:

1. The following course (3 credits):
UP 100 The City 3
2. One of the following courses (3 credits):
ANP 426 Urban Anthropology 3
GEO 413 Urban Geography 3
GEO 418 The Ghetto 3
PLS 302 Urban Politics 3
SOC 375 Urban Sociology 3
UP 201 Introduction to Urban and Regional Planning 4
UP 488 The Sustainable and Climate Resilient City 3
3. Two of the following courses (6 credits):
CSUS 200 Introduction to Sustainability 3
CSUS 447 Community Economic Development 3
IDES 140 Design for Living 3
IDES 458 Green Building and Housing 3
LA 200 Introduction to Landscape Architecture 3
MC 347 Urban and Regional Development 4
TE 351 Urban Education 3
4. The following capstone course (3 credits):
HST 396 The City and its Discontents: Perspectives Past and Present 3



 

Teacher Certification Options

The history education disciplinary major leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree is available for secondary teacher certification.

A history disciplinary minor is also available for teacher certification.

Students who elect the history education disciplinary major or the history disciplinary minor must contact the Department of History.

For additional information, refer to the statement on TEACHER CERTIFICATION in the Department of Teacher Education section of this catalog.


Graduate Study

Graduate programs in the Department of History are designed primarily for students whose career goals require a doctoral degree. The department welcomes applicants who are prepared to pursue a rigorous program of graduate study.

 


History - Master of Arts

The Master of Arts degree program in history is designed for students who desire a general course of advanced study in the field.
In addition to meeting the requirements of the University and of the College of Social Science, students must meet the requirements specified below.

Admission

Admission to graduate study in the Department of History is primarily to the doctoral program. However, under certain circumstances, the department will consider applications for admission to the Master of Arts in History from students who wish to earn a master’s degree in preparation for the doctoral degree. Please consult with the Departmental Graduate Studies Director if you wish to apply for the Master of Arts in History.

To be considered for admission to the Master of Arts degree program in history, an applicant must:

  1. Have the results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test and the results of the GRE Subject Test in History forwarded to the department.
  2. Submit to the department a term paper that the applicant considers to be a fair representation of his or her ability in research and writing.
  3. Include in the letter required by the college a 500–1000 word statement that addresses the applicant's goals in pursuing a Master of Arts degree program in history.

To be admitted to the program on regular status, an applicant must have:

  1. A baccalaureate degree in history or in another field.
  2. A grade–point average of at least 3.50 for the last two years of undergraduate study.
  3. Completed a minimum of 20 semester credits in history courses with a grade–point average of at least 3.50.
  4. Scores in at least the upper one–quarter on the verbal section of the GRE General Test and on the GRE Subject Test in History.

In addition, an international applicant is required to have fulfilled the university's English language proficiency requirement as described in the Graduate Education section of this catalog in one of the following three ways:

  1. Have a  total score of 580 (paper version) or 237 (computer version) or above on the Test of English as a Foreign Language with no subscore below 55 (paper version) or 21 (computer version) and have the approval of the English Language Center.
  2. Have an average score of 85 or higher on the Michigan English Language Assessment Battery with no subscore below 83 and have the approval of the English Language Center.
  3. Have an average score of 85 or higher on the English Language Center Test with no subscore below 83 and have the approval of the English Language Center.

Guidance Committee

Before completing 8 credits in history courses, the student, with the assistance of the Graduate Director, must constitute a guidance committee of at least two faculty members in the Department of History who represent different fields of history.  Until the student's guidance committee has been established, the student's program of study must be approved by the Graduate Director.

Requirements for the Master of Arts Degree in History

The program is available under both Plan A (with thesis) and Plan B (without thesis).  A total of 30 credits is required for the degree under either Plan A or Plan B.  The student's program of study must be approved by the student's guidance committee.  The student must meet the requirements specified below:

Requirements for Both Plan A and Plan B

  1. Complete HST 803 Seminar in Methodology of Historical Research (3 credits).
  2. Complete at least 15 credits in 800-900 level history courses including one 3 credit course in historiography relevant to the student’s program of study.
  3. Demonstrate the ability to read historical literature in one foreign language. Credits in courses in foreign language may not be counted toward the requirements for the Master of Arts or Doctor of Philosophy in History degree programs.

Additional Requirements for Plan A

  1. Complete 6 credits of HST 899 Master’s Thesis Research.
  2. Pass a final oral examination that covers the student’s program of study and thesis.

Additional Requirements for Plan B

  1. Pass a certifying examination, consisting of three parts, one testing the major area and two tests in each of the student’s minor areas.

Academic Standards

A student who does not demonstrate a reading knowledge of a foreign language during the first year of enrollment in the program will not be permitted to enroll in any courses with the exception of courses in a foreign language, until that requirement has been satisfied.



History - Doctor of Philosophy

The program leading to the doctoral degree with a major in history is designed to provide wide knowledge in several fields of history, specialized competence in a limited area, and research techniques that will prepare the student for a career in teaching, research, government service, private industry, and other areas of professional historical activity.

The following fields of study are available to doctoral students in the department:
    Ancient history
    Medieval history
    Early modern European history
    Modern Western European history
    Russian history
    East European history
    American history
    African–American history
    History of the Atlantic world
    Latin American and Caribbean history
    Comparative Black history
    African history
    Asian history
    The history of women and gender relations

The department recognizes the high importance of developing among its doctoral candidates a proficiency in college teaching. To the limit of its resources, it undertakes to provide experience in teaching in the form of graduate assistantships, along with organized discussions of the ends and means of the teaching career.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the university and of the College of Social Science, students must meet the requirements specified below.

Admission

Students are admitted to the program for fall semester only.  The department must receive all application materials by January 1.  Decisions on admission are announced on or shortly after March 31.  In making admissions decisions, the department considers the competencies of the faculty and the needs of students and the profession.

To be considered for admission to the Doctor of Philosophy degree program in history, an applicant must:

  1. Have the results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test and the Subject Test in History forwarded to the department.
  2. Submit a term paper to the department that the applicant considers to be a fair representation of his or her ability in research and writing.
  3. Include in a letter required by the college a 500-1000 word statement that addresses the applicant’s goals in pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy degree in history.
  4. Have at least three individuals, preferably scholars with whom the applicant has had course work or other professional contact, submit letters of recommendation to the department.

To be admitted to the program with regular status, an applicant must demonstrate the appropriate reading and/or speaking knowledge in one foreign language relevant to the student’s doctoral study. Applicants without a master’s degree or 30 credits of approved course work, including History 803 or its equivalent; significant course work in historiography and content in the major field; and two minor areas of concentration; will be admitted provisionally. The graduate director and/or advisor will advise students regarding the removal of deficiencies and the completion of a specified number of collateral courses before regular admission to the Ph.D. in History is granted. Applicants completing these pre-Ph.D. courses will acquire a graduate academic record equivalent to the course requirements of the Master of Arts in History.

In addition, an international applicant is required to have fulfilled the university's English language proficiency requirement as described in the Graduate Education section of this catalog in one of the following three ways:

  1. Have a total score of 580 (paper version) or 237 (computer version) or above on the Test of English as a Foreign Language with no subscore below 55 (paper version) or 21 (computer version) and have the approval of the English Language Center.
  2. Have an average score of 85 or higher on the Michigan English Language Assessment Battery with no subscore below 83 and have the approval of the English Language Center.
  3. Have an average score of 85 or higher on the English Language Center Test with no subscore below 83 and have the approval of the English Language Center.

Applicants for doctoral study should understand that the department can offer no assurance that all of the areas of professional specialization will be available to students at any particular time. It is essential that persons with specific, clearly defined academic interests communicate with the Graduate Director before making firm plans to enroll in the doctoral program.

Guidance Committee

Students entering the doctoral program will be guided by the graduate director in the selection of courses for the first year. By the end of the second semester, students should choose their major professor and their guidance committee. The committee shall consist of at least four members: two represent the student’s major field, one of whom shall chair the student’s guidance committee and direct the dissertation. In addition, two faculty members, one from each of the student’s chosen two minor fields, will serve on the committee.

Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree in History

The student must:

  1. Complete at least 3 credits in the historiography courses specified by the graduate advisor or guidance committee.
  2. Complete at least 9 credits in additional 800-900 level courses in a major field of history as specified by the student’s guidance committee. The major field should be the field in which the student plans to focus research for the dissertation. The available major fields of history are referenced above.
  3. Complete at least 6 credits in each of the student’s two minor fields or in one minor field of history and in one minor field in a related discipline.
  4. Student must demonstrate knowledge of a second foreign language before they may take the comprehensive examinations. This requirement for students formally admitted to the Ph.D. program can be fulfilled by one of these three options:
    1. Competency in an additional (second) foreign language.
    2. With approval of the student’s guidance committee, the student may substitute certification in humanities computing for the second foreign language.
    3. With the approval of the student’s guidance committee, the student may complete courses in a supporting discipline such as statistics, philosophy, economics, or anthropology in lieu of demonstrating knowledge of a second foreign language. The supporting discipline shall constitute the student’s third minor field. A faculty member in the supporting discipline shall be added as a fifth member of the student’s guidance committee.
  5. Pass the following comprehensive examinations:
    1. A 3-4 hour written examination in the student’s major field and a 3-4 hour written examination in each of the student’s minor fields. This requirement must be satisfied during one semester of enrollment in the program and should be completed during the fifth semester.
    2. An oral examination of up to three hours. This requirement must be satisfied after the student has passed the written examinations.
    3. Pass a final oral examination in defense of the dissertation.

Academic Standards

A student who does not demonstrate a reading knowledge of a foreign language during the first year of enrollment in the program will not be permitted to enroll in any courses, with the exception of courses in a foreign language, until that requirement has been satisfied.



American Studies - Graduate Certificate

The Graduate Certificate in American Studies, which is administered by the Department of History, is designed for students who wish to study the culture, history, and civilization of the United States from an inter– and multidisciplinary perspective. Students may pursue the program to complement disciplinary master’s or doctoral degree programs such as English, History, Anthropology, African American and African Studies, Chicano/Latino Studies, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Theatre, Music, or History of Art.  Students who are enrolled in the program explore the techniques, materials, and perspectives of American studies, American history, and American literature, as well as other related disciplines or thematic units.

The certificate is available as an elective to students who are enrolled in master’s and doctoral programs at Michigan State University. Students must meet the requirements of the certificate specified below, in addition to the requirements for the student’s primary degree program.

The student's program of study must be approved the Graduate Chairperson in the Department of History.

Requirements for the Graduate Certificate in American Studies    

Students must complete a minimum of 12 credits, of which 6 credits must come from units other than the student’s primary degree program. Students pursuing a dual degree, 6 credits must come from units other than the student’s two degree programs.

1. Complete one of the following courses (3 credits):
HST 800 Historiography of the United States to 1865 3
HST 801 Historiography of the United States Since 1865 3
HST 807 Readings in Early American and U.S. History 3
2. Complete one of the following courses (3 credits):
ENG 818 Studies in Genre and Media 3
ENG 819 Special Topics in Language and Literature 3
ENG 826 Special Topics Seminar 3
3. Complete 6 credits in course work from English, History, Anthropology, African American and African Studies, Chicano/Latino Studies, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Theatre, Music, or History of Art. A list of approved courses is available in the Department of History. Courses, if appropriate, may be used from other departments with approval of the Graduate Chairperson.