Academic Programs Catalog

College of Natural Science

Undergraduate Programs

Laboratory testing to diagnose, monitor, and treat human disease is a critical component of health care. The Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program offers three undergraduate degree programs to assist students in entering the exciting, world of the clinical laboratory. Medical laboratory science, historically called medical technology, is the health profession focused on providing medical laboratory assays on human samples. Data generated from these assays form the basis of most diagnostic and treatment decisions. Based in the sciences of chemistry, biology, mathematics, and physics, the profession provides challenging careers for individuals interested in the medical applications of these sciences. Medical laboratory scientists manage the testing process from the selection of high quality tests to the reporting of results to the health care provider. This includes method selection and development, assay performance, quality assurance and results analysis in a highly automated and computerized environment.  Medical laboratory scientists also manage laboratory operations including marketing, personnel management, regulatory compliance, and finances.  Students desiring such a career should plan to obtain national certification as a Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS). Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program advisors will assist students in this process.

The curricula in the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program build on a foundation of basic science. Courses such as hematology, immunology, immunohematology, hemostasis, clinical microbiology, molecular laboratory diagnostics, and clinical chemistry have a diagnostic medical emphasis. As a result, many students preparing for graduate professional education in medicine, dentistry, veterinary sciences, forensics, and other health professions select a Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program major.

Employment in medical diagnostic laboratories is just one of the many opportunities available to graduates. The skills applicable to a medical laboratory translate readily into research and industrial settings. Graduates also find employment in pharmaceutical and medical supply sales. Alumni successfully compete for admission to graduate and graduate professional schools.

Three undergraduate programs that lead to the Bachelor of Science degree are available: biomedical laboratory science, clinical laboratory sciences, and medical laboratory science. These programs are designed to meet the professional needs of graduates entering a highly regulated and rapidly changing technological environment and to prepare students for continuing professional education and advanced study beyond the bachelor’s degree.



 

Biomedical Laboratory Science

The biomedical laboratory science major is designed to prepare students for careers as laboratorians in a variety of settings or to pursue graduate or advanced professional education.  The clinical laboratory experience required for national certification as a medical laboratory scientist is not included in this program.  Students desiring certification are responsible for securing accredited clinical experiences subsequent to completion of the degree and are recommended to complete the medical laboratory science concentration.  The Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program will advise students in seeking and gaining clinical practicum experiences.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science
  1. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the Biomedical Laboratory Science  major is met by completing Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 456.  That course is referenced in item 3. b. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the College of Natural Science may complete the alternative track to Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that is described in item 1. under the heading Graduation Requirements in the College statement.  Certain courses referenced in requirement 3. below may be used to satisfy the alternative track.
  2. The requirements of the College of Natural Science for the Bachelor of Science degree.

    The credits earned in certain courses referenced in requirement 3. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  3. The following requirements for the major:
    a. Courses outside Biomedical Laboratory Science (44 to 51 credits):
    (1) All of the following courses (27 credits):
    BS 161 Cell and Molecular Biology 3
    BS 171 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory 2
    CEM 141 General Chemistry 4
    CEM 161 Chemistry Laboratory I 1
    CEM 162 Chemistry Laboratory II 1
    CEM 251 Organic Chemistry I 3
    CEM 252 Organic Chemistry II 3
    MMG 365 Medical Microbiology 3
    MMG 365L Medical Microbiology Laboratory 1
    PHY 231 Introductory Physics I 3
    PHY 232 Introductory Physics II 3
    (2) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MTH 124 Survey of Calculus I 3
    MTH 132 Calculus I 3
    (3) One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
    STT 200 Statistical Methods 3
    STT 201 Statistical Methods 4
    STT 231 Statistics for Scientists 3
    STT 351 Probability and Statistics for Engineering 3
    STT 421 Statistics I 3
    (4) One of the following, either (a) or (b) (4 or 6 credits):
    (a) BMB 401 Comprehensive Biochemistry 4
    (b) BMB 461 Advanced Biochemistry I 3
    BMB 462 Advanced Biochemistry II 3
    (5) One of the following, either (a) or (b) (4 or 8 credits):
    (a) PSL 310 Physiology for Pre-Health Professionals 4
    (b) PSL 431 Human Physiology I 4
    PSL 432 Human Physiology II 4
    (6) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MMG 201 Fundamentals of Microbiology 3
    MMG 301 Introductory Microbiology 3
    b. All of the following Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics courses (24 credits):
    BLD 121 Survive and Thrive Freshman Seminar 1
    BLD 204 Mechanisms of Disease 3
    BLD 213L Clinical Laboratory Methods 2
    BLD 302 Clinical Chemistry 2
    BLD 313 Quality in Clinical Laboratory Practice 3
    BLD 314L Advanced Clinical Laboratory Methods 1
    BLD 324 Hematology and Hemostasis  3
    BLD 430 Molecular Laboratory Diagnostics 2
    BLD 434 Clinical Immunology 3
    BLD 435 Immunohematology 2
    BLD 456 Medical Laboratory Professionalism (W) 2
    c. One of the following concentrations or minor:
      Clinical Chemistry (12 or 13 credits)
    (1) All of the following courses (7 credits):
       BLD  402 Advanced Clinical Chemistry  4
       CEM  333 Instrumental Methods and Applications  3
    (2) Two of the following courses (5 or 6 credits):
       BE  230 Engineering Analysis of Biological Systems  3
       CEM  255 Organic Chemistry Laboratory  2
       CEM  262 Quantitative Analysis  3
       CEM  311 Inorganic Chemistry  3
       CEM  383 Introductory Physical Chemistry I  3
       PHM  350 Introductory Human Pharmacology  3
       PHM  421 Clinical Toxicology  3
       PHM  430 Human Pharmacology  3
       PHM  450 Introduction to Chemical Toxicology  3
       Immunology (10 or 11 credits)
    (1) Both of the following courses (2 credits):
    BLD  435L  Immunohematology Laboratory  1
       BLD  452L  Immunodiagnostics Laboratory  1
    (2) Two of the following courses (2 credits): 
       BLD  439 Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics  1
       BLD  446 Immunobiology of Neoplasia  1
       BLD  447 Immunomodulation and Immunotherapy  1
    (3) One of the following courses (3 credits):
       MMG  409 Eukaryotic Cell Biology  3
       MMG  461 Molecular Pathogenesis  3
    (4) One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
       EPI  390 Disease in Society: Introduction to Epidemiology and Public Health 4
       IBIO  341 Fundamental Genetics  4
       MMG  465 Advanced Medical Microbiology  3
       MMG  431 Microbial Genetics  3
       Medical Microbiology (10 to 12 credits) 
    (1) All of the following courses (8 credits): 
       MMG  465 Advanced Medical Microbiology  3
       MMG  465L  Advanced Medical Microbiology Laboratory  2
       MMG  461 Molecular Pathogenesis  3
    (2) One of the following courses (2 to 4 credits):
       BE  230 Engineering Analysis of Biological Systems  3
       BLD  366 Infectious Diseases of East Africa  4
       BLD  861 Emerging Infections, Emerging Technology  2
       EPI  290 History of Scientific Reasoning and Critical Thinking in Global Public Health and Epidemiology 3
       EPI  390 Disease in Society: Introduction to Epidemiology and Public Health 4
       HM  801 Introduction to Public Health  3
       IBIO  316 General Parasitology  3
       MMG  413 Virology  3
        MMG  421 Prokaryotic Cell Physiology  3
        MMG  431 Microbial Genetics  3
      Hematology and Hemostasis (9 to 11 credits)
    (1) All of the following courses (5 credits):
       BLD  424 Advanced Hematology and Hemostasis  2
       BLD  424L  Advanced Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis Laboratory  1
       BLD  435L  Immunohematology Laboratory  1
       BLD  452L  Immunodiagnostics Laboratory  1
    (2) Two of the following courses (2 credits):
       BLD  439 Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics  1
       BLD  446 Immunobiology of Neoplasia  1
       BLD  447 Immunomodulation and Immunotherapy  1
    (3) One of the following courses (2 to 4 credits): 
    BLD  815 Cell Biology in Health and Disease I  2
       BLD  835 Hemostasis, Thrombosis and Effective Resource Management 3
          IBIO  408 Histology  4
       IBIO  425 Cells and Development (W) 4
       IBIO  450 Cancer Biology (W) 3
    MMG  409 Eukaryotic Cell Biology  3
    PHM  350 Introductory Human Pharmacology  3
    Medical Laboratory Science (13 credits)
       All of the following courses: 
       BLD  402 Advanced Clinical Chemistry  4
       BLD  424 Advanced Hematology and Hemostasis  2
       BLD  424L  Advanced Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis Laboratory  1
       BLD  435L  Immunohematology Laboratory  1
       MMG  465 Advanced Medical Microbiology  3
       MMG  465L  Advanced Medical Microbiology Laboratory  2
       Molecular Diagnostics (10 credits)
    (1) All of the following courses (7 credits): 
        BLD  430L  Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory  1
       BLD  460 Advanced Molecular Diagnostics  2
       CMSE  201 Introduction to Computational Modeling  4
    (2) One of the following courses (3 credits):
       MMG  409 Eukaryotic Cell Biology  3
       MMG  431 Microbial Genetics  3
       MMG  433 Microbial Genomics  3
    Minor in Information Technology (19 credits)
    Students must apply to the Minor in Information Technology through the Eli Broad College of Business. Students interested in pursuing the minor must consult with the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics advisor prior to completion of the application.


Clinical Laboratory Sciences (this program is in moratorium effective Summer 2018 through Fall 2020)

The clinical laboratory sciences major is designed to prepare students for certification in medical technology/clinical laboratory science. The program includes courses in the biomedical laboratory sciences, communications, mathematics and statistics, and clinical laboratory sciences coupled with clinical practicum experiences. It is designed to prepare graduates for certification and immediate employment in clinical laboratories upon graduation by including a six-month hospital laboratory experience. Admission to this program is limited. Students seeking admission must complete the admission procedure outlined below.

The Bachelor of Science degree program in clinical laboratory sciences has been accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences, 5600 N. River Road, Suite 720, Rosemont, Illinois 60018; phone (773) 714-8880.

Admission as a Junior

Enrollment in the clinical laboratory sciences major is limited. A new class is admitted at the junior level each fall semester. Students beyond junior standing may be considered for admission contingent upon the projected schedule for completion of the degree requirements and availability of clinical placement sites. Applications for admission are accepted at any time.

To be considered for admission, the applicant must meet the following minimal criteria, in addition to the College of Natural Science admission requirements:

  1. Have an overall grade-point average of 2.5 or better including courses taken at other institutions.
  2. Have completed Biological Science 161 and 171; Chemistry 251 and 252; and Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 213.

Students may apply before attainment of the above criteria in order to demonstrate their intentions to major in clinical laboratory sciences, however their applications will not be processed until all requirements are fulfilled. Students who present other exceptional credentials but do not meet the grade-point criterion noted above may be considered for admission on a probationary basis.

Applications for admission to the clinical laboratory sciences major are reviewed by a committee of faculty. Factors considered by the Admission Committee in the applicant’s review and admission action are (1) academic record including grade-point averages in science and non-science courses, (2) grades for selected preclinical courses, (3) laboratory science exposure, (4) interview, and (5) compositions.

Academic Standards

To progress to the clinical phase of the curriculum, students must earn a grade-point average of 2.0 or higher in Microbiology and Molecular Genetics 463 and Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 324, 417, and 435.

A specific statement of the policies for the clinical phase is provided in the Student Policies for Clinical Laboratory Science Students. These policies are provided to all students upon acceptance to the major, but may be obtained earlier from the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program, 322 N. Kedzie Hall. Admitted students are responsible for knowing and adhering to these program policies.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences

  1. A minimum of 136 credits is required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences.
  2. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the Clinical Laboratory Sciences major is met by completing Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 455.  That course is referenced in item 4. b. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the College of Natural Science may complete the alternative track to Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that is described in item 1. under the heading Graduation Requirements in the College statement.  Certain courses referenced in requirement 4. below may be used to satisfy the alternative track.
  3. The requirements of the College of Natural Science for the Bachelor of Science degree.

    The credits earned in certain courses referenced in requirement 4. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  4. The following requirements for the major:
    a. Courses outside Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics (48 to 51 credits):
    (1) All of the following courses (31 credits):
    BS 161 Cell and Molecular Biology 3
    BS 171 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory 2
    CEM 141 General Chemistry 4
    CEM 161 Chemistry Laboratory I 1
    CEM 162 Chemistry Laboratory II 1
    CEM 251 Organic Chemistry I 3
    CEM 252 Organic Chemistry II 3
    CEM 333 Instrumental Methods and Applications 3
    MMG 463 Medical Microbiology 3
    MMG 464 Diagnostic Microbiology Laboratory 2
    PHY 231 Introductory Physics I 3
    PHY 232 Introductory Physics II 3
    (2) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MTH 124 Survey of Calculus I 3
    MTH 132 Calculus I 3
    (3) One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
    STT 200 Statistical Methods 3
    STT 201 Statistical Methods 4
    STT 231 Statistics for Scientists 3
    STT 351 Probability and Statistics for Engineering 3
    STT 421 Statistics I 3
    (4) One of the following, either (a) or (b) (4 or 6 credits):
    (a) BMB 401 Comprehensive Biochemistry 4
    (b) BMB 461 Advanced Biochemistry I 3
    BMB 462 Advanced Biochemistry II 3
    (5) One of the following, either (a), (b), or (c) (4 credits):
    (a) PSL 250 Introductory Physiology 4
    (b) PSL 310 Physiology for Pre-Health Professionals 4
    (c) PSL 431 Human Physiology I 4
    PSL 432 Human Physiology II 4
    (6) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MMG 201 Fundamentals of Microbiology 3
    MMG 301 Introductory Microbiology 3
    b. All of the following Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics courses (52 credits):
    BLD 204 Mechanisms of Disease 3
    BLD 213 Application of Clinical Laboratory Principles 2
    BLD 220 Preparing for a Health Professions Career 1
    BLD 324 Fundamentals of Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis 3
    BLD 324L Introductory Laboratory in Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis 1
    BLD 416 Clinical Chemistry  4
    BLD 417 Quality Processes in Diagnostic Laboratory Testing 2
    BLD 424 Advanced Hematology, Hemostasis, and Urinalysis 2
    BLD 424L Advanced Laboratory in Hematology, Hemostasis, and Urinalysis 1
    BLD 430 Molecular Laboratory Diagnostics 2
    BLD 433 Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology Laboratory 1
    BLD 434 Clinical Immunology 3
    BLD 435 Transfusion Medicine 2
    BLD 442 Education and Management in the Clinical Laboratory 2
    BLD 450 Eukaryotic Pathogens 3
    BLD 455 Integrating Clinical Laboratory Science Discipline (W) 2
    BLD 471 Advanced Clinical Chemistry Laboratory 3
    BLD 472 Advanced Clinical Chemistry 1
    BLD 473 Advanced Clinical Hematology and Body Fluids Laboratory 3
    BLD 474 Advanced Clinical Hematology and Body Fluids 1
    BLD 475 Advanced Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology Laboratory 2
    BLD 476 Advanced Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology 1
    BLD 477 Advanced Clinical Microbiology Laboratory 3
    BLD 478 Advanced Clinical Microbiology 1
    BLD 498 Focused Problems in Clinical Laboratory Science 2
    BLD 498L Infectious Disease Diagnostic Laboratory 1
    During the clinical practicum, usually two semesters, the student may be required to relocate and/or commute to a clinical laboratory in an affiliated clinical facility. 


Medical Laboratory Science

The medical laboratory science major is designed to prepare students for certification in medical laboratory science. The program includes courses in the biomedical laboratory sciences, communications, mathematics and statistics, and medical laboratory sciences coupled with clinical practicum experiences. It is designed to prepare graduates for certification and immediate employment in medical laboratories upon graduation by including a six-month hospital laboratory experience.

The Bachelor of Science degree program in medical laboratory science has been accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences, 5600 N. River Road, Suite 720, Rosemont, Illinois 60018; phone (773) 714-8880.

Admission

Enrollment in the medical laboratory science major is limited. A new cohort is admitted at the end of the spring semester of the junior year. Applications for admission are due by the end of fall semester of the junior year. Applicant interviews are conducted during the spring semester of junior year. Admission decisions for students admitted to the medical laboratory science major are made following review of final grades from spring semester of junior year. Students are admitted as Biomedical Laboratory Science major until the application process for Medical Laboratory Science is completed.

To be considered for admission, the applicant must meet the following minimum criteria, in addition to the College of Natural Science admission requirements:

  1. Have an overall grade-point average of 2.50 or better including courses taken at other institutions.
  2. Have a grade-point average of 2.50 or better in the following courses: BLD 204, BLD 213L, BLD 313, and BLD 314L.
  3. Have completed BMB 401, MMG 201 or MMG 301, BLD 324, and BLD 434.
Students who present other exceptional credentials, but do not meet the grade-point criterion noted above, may be considered for admission on a provisional basis.

Applications for admission to the medical laboratory science major are reviewed by a committee of faculty. Factors considered by the Admission Committee in the applicant’s review and admission action are: (1) academic record including grade-point averages in science and non-science courses; (2) grades for selected preclinical courses; (3) laboratory science exposure; (4) interview; and (5) compositions. Students who are admitted provisionally and require additional course work to remedy deficiencies may not count this course work towards the fulfillment of degree requirements.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Medical Laboratory Science
  1. A minimum of 134 credits is required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Medical Laboratory Science.
  2. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the Medical Laboratory Science major is met by completing Biomedical Laboratory Science 456.  That course is referenced in item 4. b. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the College of Natural Science may complete the alternative track to Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that is described in item 1. under the heading Graduation Requirements in the College statement.  Certain courses referenced in requirement 4. below may be used to satisfy the alternative track.
  3. The requirements of the College of Natural Science for the Bachelor of Science degree. The credits earned in certain courses referenced in requirement 4. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  4. The following requirements for the major:
    a. Courses outside Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics (52 to 59 credits):
    (1) All of the following courses (35 credits): 
    BS  161 Cell and Molecular Biology  3
    BS  171 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory  2
        CEM  141 General Chemistry  4
        CEM  161 Chemistry Laboratory I  1
        CEM  162 Chemistry Laboratory II  1
        CEM  251 Organic Chemistry I  3
        CEM  252 Organic Chemistry II  3
        CEM  333 Instrumental Methods and Applications  3
        MMG  365 Medical Microbiology  3
        MMG  365L  Medical Microbiology Laboratory  1
        MMG  465 Advanced Medical Microbiology  3
        MMG  465L  Advanced Medical Microbiology Laboratory  2
        PHY  231 Introductory Physics I  3
        PHY  232 Introductory Physics II  3
    (2) One of the following courses (3 credits):
       MTH  124 Survey of Calculus I  3
        MTH  132 Calculus I  3
    (3) One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
    STT  200 Statistical Methods  3
        STT  201 Statistical Methods  4
        STT  231 Statistics for Scientists  3
      STT  351 Probability and Statistics for Engineering  3
        STT  421 Statistics I  3
    (4) One of the following, either (a) or (b) (4 or 6 credits):
    (a) BMB  401 Comprehensive Biochemistry  4
    (b) BMB  461 Advanced Biochemistry I  3
    BMB  462 Advanced Biochemistry II  3
    (5)  One of the following, either (a) or (b) (4 or 6 credits):
    (a) PSL  310 Physiology for Pre-Health Professionals  4
    (b) PSL  431 Human Physiology I  4
    PSL  432 Human Physiology II  4
    (6) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MMG 201 Fundamentals of Microbiology  3
       MMG  301 Introductory Microbiology  3
    b. All of the following Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics courses (47 credits):
       BLD  121 Survive and Thrive Freshman Seminar  1
       BLD  204 Mechanisms of Disease  3
       BLD  213L  Clinical Laboratory Methods  2
       BLD  302 Clinical Chemistry  2
       BLD  313 Quality in Clinical Laboratory Practice  3
       BLD  314L  Advanced Clinical Laboratory Methods  1
       BLD  324 Hematology and Hemostasis  3
       BLD  402 Advanced Clinical Chemistry   4
       BLD  424 Advanced Hematology and Hemostasis  2
       BLD  424L  Advanced Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis Laboratory  1
       BLD  430 Molecular Diagnostics  2
       BLD  434 Clinical Immunology  3
       BLD  435 Immunohematology  2
       BLD  435L  Immunohematology Laboratory  1
       BLD  445 Medical Laboratory Management  1
    BLD  456 Medical Laboratory Professionalism (W) 2
       BLD  471L  Advanced Clinical Chemistry Laboratory  3
       BLD  473L  Advanced Clinical Hematology and Body Fluids Laboratory  3
       BLD  475L  Advanced Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology Laboratory  2
       BLD  477L  Advanced Clinical Microbiology Laboratory  3
       BLD  479 Professional Behavior in Medical Laboratory Science 1
       BLD  480 Medical Laboratory Science Examinations I  1
       BLD  481 Medical Laboratory Science Examinations II  1
    During the clinical practicum, usually two semesters, the student may be required to relocate and/or commute to a clinical laboratory in an affiliated clinical facility.
 Academic Standards

To progress to the clinical phase of the curriculum, students must earn a grade-point average of 2.50 or higher in MMG 465, MMG 465L, BLD 402, BLD 430, BLD 435, and BLD 435L. Students who do not meet this progression standard will be dismissed from the medical laboratory science degree and can graduate with a biomedical laboratory science degree.

A specific statement of the policies for the clinical phase is provided in the Student Policies for Medical Laboratory Science Students. These policies are provided to all students upon acceptance to the major, but may be obtained earlier from the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program, 354 Farm Lane, Room N322, East Lansing, MI 48824. Admitted students are responsible for knowing and adhering to these program policies.