Academic Programs Catalog

College of Natural Science

Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program

John Gerlach, Director

Undergraduate Programs

Laboratory testing to diagnose, monitor, and treat human disease is a critical component of health care. The Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program offers two undergraduate degree programs to assist students in entering the exciting, world of the clinical laboratory. Medical laboratory science, historically called medical technology, is the health profession focused on providing medical laboratory assays on human samples. Data generated from these assays form the basis of most diagnostic and treatment decisions. Based in the sciences of chemistry, biology, mathematics, and physics, the profession provides challenging careers for individuals interested in the medical applications of these sciences. Medical laboratory scientists manage the testing process from the selection of high quality tests to the reporting of results to the health care provider. This includes method selection and development, assay performance, quality assurance and results analysis in a highly automated and computerized environment.  Medical laboratory scientists also manage laboratory operations including marketing, personnel management, regulatory compliance, and finances.  Students desiring such a career should plan to obtain national certification as a Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS). Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program advisors will assist students in this process.

The curricula in the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program build on a foundation of basic science. Courses such as hematology, immunology, immunohematology, hemostasis, clinical microbiology, molecular laboratory diagnostics, and clinical chemistry have a diagnostic medical emphasis. As a result, many students preparing for graduate professional education in medicine, dentistry, veterinary sciences, forensics, and other health professions select a Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program major.

Employment in medical diagnostic laboratories is just one of the many opportunities available to graduates. The skills applicable to a medical laboratory translate readily into research and industrial settings. Graduates also find employment in pharmaceutical and medical supply sales. Alumni successfully compete for admission to graduate and graduate professional schools.

Two undergraduate programs that lead to the Bachelor of Science degree are available: biomedical laboratory science, and clinical laboratory sciences. These programs are designed to meet the professional needs of graduates entering a highly regulated and rapidly changing technological environment and to prepare students for continuing professional education and advanced study beyond the bachelor’s degree.

 

Biomedical Laboratory Science

The biomedical laboratory science major is designed to prepare students for careers as laboratorians in a variety of settings or to pursue graduate or advanced professional education.  The clinical laboratory experience required for national certification as a laboratory professional is not included in this program.  Students desiring certification are responsible for securing accredited clinical experiences subsequent to completion of the degree requirements.  The Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program will assist students in seeking and gaining placements.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science
  1. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the Biomedical Laboratory Science  major is met by completing Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 455.  That course is referenced in item 3. b. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the College of Natural Science may complete the alternative track to Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that is described in item 1. under the heading Graduation Requirements in the College statement.  Certain courses referenced in requirement 3. below may be used to satisfy the alternative track.
  2. The requirements of the College of Natural Science for the Bachelor of Science degree.

    The credits earned in certain courses referenced in requirement 3. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  3. The following requirements for the major:
    a. Courses outside Biomedical Laboratory Science (43 to 46 credits):
    (1) All of the following courses (26 credits):
    BS 161 Cell and Molecular Biology 3
    BS 171 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory 2
    CEM 141 General Chemistry 4
    CEM 161 Chemistry Laboratory I 1
    CEM 162 Chemistry Laboratory II 1
    CEM 251 Organic Chemistry I 3
    CEM 252 Organic Chemistry II 3
    MMG 463 Medical Microbiology 3
    PHY 231 Introductory Physics I 3
    PHY 232 Introductory Physics II 3
    (2) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MTH 124 Survey of Calculus I 3
    MTH 132 Calculus I 3
    (3) One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
    STT 200 Statistical Methods 3
    STT 201 Statistical Methods 4
    STT 231 Statistics for Scientists 3
    STT 351 Probability and Statistics for Engineering 3
    STT 421 Statistics I 3
    (4) One of the following, either (a) or (b) (4 or 6 credits):
    (a) BMB 401 Comprehensive Biochemistry 4
    (b) BMB 461 Advanced Biochemistry I 3
    BMB 462 Advanced Biochemistry II 3
    (5) One of the following, either (a), (b), or (c) (4 credits):
    (a) PSL 250 Introductory Physiology 4
    (b) PSL 310 Physiology for Pre-Health Professionals 4
    (c) PSL 431 Human Physiology I 4
    PSL 432 Human Physiology II 4
    (6) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MMG 201 Fundamentals of Microbiology 3
    MMG 301 Introductory Microbiology 3
    b. All of the following Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics courses (30 credits):
    BLD 204 Mechanisms of Disease 3
    BLD 213 Application of Clinical Laboratory Principles 2
    BLD 220 Preparing for a Health Professions Career 1
    BLD 324 Fundamentals of Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis 3
    BLD 414 Clinical Chemistry Analysis and Practice 3
    BLD 416 Clinical Chemistry  4
    BLD 424 Advanced Hematology, Hemostasis, and Urinalysis 2
    BLD 430 Molecular Laboratory Diagnostics 2
    BLD 434 Clinical Immunology 3
    BLD 435 Transfusion Medicine 2
    BLD 450 Eukaryotic Pathogens 3
    BLD 455 Integrating Clinical Laboratory Science Discipline (W) 2


Clinical Laboratory Sciences (this program is in moratorium effective Summer 2018 through Fall 2020)

The clinical laboratory sciences major is designed to prepare students for certification in medical technology/clinical laboratory science. The program includes courses in the biomedical laboratory sciences, communications, mathematics and statistics, and clinical laboratory sciences coupled with clinical practicum experiences. It is designed to prepare graduates for certification and immediate employment in clinical laboratories upon graduation by including a six-month hospital laboratory experience. Admission to this program is limited. Students seeking admission must complete the admission procedure outlined below.

The Bachelor of Science degree program in clinical laboratory sciences has been accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences, 5600 N. River Road, Suite 720, Rosemont, Illinois 60018; phone (773) 714-8880.

Admission as a Junior

Enrollment in the clinical laboratory sciences major is limited. A new class is admitted at the junior level each fall semester. Students beyond junior standing may be considered for admission contingent upon the projected schedule for completion of the degree requirements and availability of clinical placement sites. Applications for admission are accepted at any time.

To be considered for admission, the applicant must meet the following minimal criteria, in addition to the College of Natural Science admission requirements:

  1. Have an overall grade-point average of 2.5 or better including courses taken at other institutions.
  2. Have completed Biological Science 161 and 171; Chemistry 251 and 252; and Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 213.

Students may apply before attainment of the above criteria in order to demonstrate their intentions to major in clinical laboratory sciences, however their applications will not be processed until all requirements are fulfilled. Students who present other exceptional credentials but do not meet the grade-point criterion noted above may be considered for admission on a probationary basis.

Applications for admission to the clinical laboratory sciences major are reviewed by a committee of faculty. Factors considered by the Admission Committee in the applicant’s review and admission action are (1) academic record including grade-point averages in science and non-science courses, (2) grades for selected preclinical courses, (3) laboratory science exposure, (4) interview, and (5) compositions.

Academic Standards

To progress to the clinical phase of the curriculum, students must earn a grade-point average of 2.0 or higher in Microbiology and Molecular Genetics 463 and Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 324, 417, and 435.

A specific statement of the policies for the clinical phase is provided in the Student Policies for Clinical Laboratory Science Students. These policies are provided to all students upon acceptance to the major, but may be obtained earlier from the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program, 322 N. Kedzie Hall. Admitted students are responsible for knowing and adhering to these program policies.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences

  1. A minimum of 136 credits is required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences.
  2. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the Clinical Laboratory Sciences major is met by completing Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics 455.  That course is referenced in item 4. b. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the College of Natural Science may complete the alternative track to Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that is described in item 1. under the heading Graduation Requirements in the College statement.  Certain courses referenced in requirement 4. below may be used to satisfy the alternative track.
  3. The requirements of the College of Natural Science for the Bachelor of Science degree.

    The credits earned in certain courses referenced in requirement 4. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  4. The following requirements for the major:
    a. Courses outside Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics (48 to 51 credits):
    (1) All of the following courses (31 credits):
    BS 161 Cell and Molecular Biology 3
    BS 171 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory 2
    CEM 141 General Chemistry 4
    CEM 161 Chemistry Laboratory I 1
    CEM 162 Chemistry Laboratory II 1
    CEM 251 Organic Chemistry I 3
    CEM 252 Organic Chemistry II 3
    CEM 333 Instrumental Methods and Applications 3
    MMG 463 Medical Microbiology 3
    MMG 464 Diagnostic Microbiology Laboratory 2
    PHY 231 Introductory Physics I 3
    PHY 232 Introductory Physics II 3
    (2) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MTH 124 Survey of Calculus I 3
    MTH 132 Calculus I 3
    (3) One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
    STT 200 Statistical Methods 3
    STT 201 Statistical Methods 4
    STT 231 Statistics for Scientists 3
    STT 351 Probability and Statistics for Engineering 3
    STT 421 Statistics I 3
    (4) One of the following, either (a) or (b) (4 or 6 credits):
    (a) BMB 401 Comprehensive Biochemistry 4
    (b) BMB 461 Advanced Biochemistry I 3
    BMB 462 Advanced Biochemistry II 3
    (5) One of the following, either (a), (b), or (c) (4 credits):
    (a) PSL 250 Introductory Physiology 4
    (b) PSL 310 Physiology for Pre-Health Professionals 4
    (c) PSL 431 Human Physiology I 4
    PSL 432 Human Physiology II 4
    (6) One of the following courses (3 credits):
    MMG 201 Fundamentals of Microbiology 3
    MMG 301 Introductory Microbiology 3
    b. All of the following Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics courses (52 credits):
    BLD 204 Mechanisms of Disease 3
    BLD 213 Application of Clinical Laboratory Principles 2
    BLD 220 Preparing for a Health Professions Career 1
    BLD 324 Fundamentals of Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis 3
    BLD 324L Introductory Laboratory in Hematology, Hemostasis and Urinalysis 1
    BLD 416 Clinical Chemistry  4
    BLD 417 Quality Processes in Diagnostic Laboratory Testing 2
    BLD 424 Advanced Hematology, Hemostasis, and Urinalysis 2
    BLD 424L Advanced Laboratory in Hematology, Hemostasis, and Urinalysis 1
    BLD 430 Molecular Laboratory Diagnostics 2
    BLD 433 Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology Laboratory 1
    BLD 434 Clinical Immunology 3
    BLD 435 Transfusion Medicine 2
    BLD 442 Education and Management in the Clinical Laboratory 2
    BLD 450 Eukaryotic Pathogens 3
    BLD 455 Integrating Clinical Laboratory Science Discipline (W) 2
    BLD 471 Advanced Clinical Chemistry Laboratory 3
    BLD 472 Advanced Clinical Chemistry 1
    BLD 473 Advanced Clinical Hematology and Body Fluids Laboratory 3
    BLD 474 Advanced Clinical Hematology and Body Fluids 1
    BLD 475 Advanced Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology Laboratory 2
    BLD 476 Advanced Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology 1
    BLD 477 Advanced Clinical Microbiology Laboratory 3
    BLD 478 Advanced Clinical Microbiology 1
    BLD 498 Focused Problems in Clinical Laboratory Science 2
    BLD 498L Infectious Disease Diagnostic Laboratory 1
    During the clinical practicum, usually two semesters, the student may be required to relocate and/or commute to a clinical laboratory in an affiliated clinical facility. 


Graduate Study

Three master’s degree programs are available. The Master of Arts degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science program for working professionals is available as a non-thesis option. The Master of Science degree in Clinical Laboratory Science program is a traditional science-oriented degree with both thesis and non-thesis options. The Master of Science in Biomedical Laboratory Operations program is a blending of business management with the science needed to prepare managers for positions in regulated research, industry and medical settings. All three master’s degrees are available in an online format.


 


Biomedical Laboratory Science - Master of Arts

The Master of Arts degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science is administered by the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program. The program is designed to enhance the student’s knowledge base and broaden their perspectives across the profession. In addition to meeting the requirements of the university and of the College of Natural Science, students must meet all requirements specified below.

 

Admission

Regular admission to the Master of Arts degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science requires completion of a bachelor of science degree, with a minimum grade-point average of 3.0. Applicants must submit official transcripts, three letters of recommendation, a letter of intent or purpose statement, a brief resume, and the General GRE (Graduate Record Exam) score. The GRE exam score can be waived in lieu of a professional credential or a waiver request to the Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Program Admissions Committee. For applicants in which English is not their first language, the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) must be taken. Scholastic record, experience, personal qualifications and career goals are taken into consideration to determine the applicant’s acceptability.

Applicants who fail to meet the criteria for regular admission, may apply for provisional admission if they have demonstrated a high probability of success and will be provided other options to obtain a post-baccalaureate clinical laboratory education.

Requirements for the Master of Arts Degree in Biomedical Laboratory Science

The program is available online and only under Plan B (without thesis). The student must complete a total of 30 credits from the following:

1. All of the following courses (10 or 11 credits):
BLD 801 Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Seminar 2
BLD 805 Communication in the Sciences 2
BLD 811 Fundamentals of Scientific Research 1
BLD 890 Selected Problems in Clinical Laboratory Science 2 or 3
PHM 830 Experimental Design and Analysis 3
2. Complete at least 14 credits from the following courses:
BLD 815 Cell Biology in Health and Disease I 2
BLD 816 Cell Biology in Health and Disease II 2
BLD 821 Advanced Clinical Laboratory Practice 1
BLD 830 Concepts in Molecular Biology 2
BLD 831 Clinical Application of Molecular Biology 2
BLD 832 Molecular Pathology Laboratory 2
BLD 835 Hemostasis, Thrombosis and Effective Resource Management 3
BLD 836 Adverse Transfusion Outcomes: Detection, Monitoring and Prevention 2
BLD 837 Transfusion Service Operations and Management 1
BLD 838 Clinical Context of Blood Product Management 1
BLD 842 Managing Biomedical Laboratory Operations 2
BLD 844 Topics in Biomedical Laboratory Operations 1
BLD 846 Decision Processes for Biomedical Laboratory Operations 2
BLD 850 Concepts in Immunodiagnostics 2
BLD 851 Clinical Application of Immunodiagnostic Principles 2
BLD 852 Immunodiagnostics Laboratory 2
BLD 853 Advanced Flow Cytometry 2
BLD 861 Emerging Infections, Emerging Technology 2
BLD 870 Clinical Mass Spectrometry Theory 2
BLD 871 Applied Clinical Mass Spectrometry 2
BLD 872 Clinical Mass Spectrometry Laboratory 2
3. Complete 5 credits of electives as approved by the guidance committee.
4. Successfully complete a capstone project.


Clinical Laboratory Sciences - Master of Science

The graduate program in clinical laboratory sciences leads to the Master of Science degree. The program emphasizes the multidisciplinary nature of the laboratory sciences, encourages research that crosses traditional laboratory disciplines, and promotes innovative thinking.
The curriculum is customized to the student's interests and to supporting the project each student identifies. Students may conduct research projects with both resident and adjunct faculty.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the university and of the College of Natural Science, students must meet the requirements specified below.

Admission

Regular admission to the Master of Science in Clinical Laboratory Science requires completion of a bachelor of science degree, with a minimum grade-point average of 3.0. Applicants must submit official transcripts, three letters of recommendation, a letter of intent or purpose statement, a brief resume, and the General GRE (Graduate Record Exam) score. For applicants in which English is not their first language, the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) must be taken.

Certification as a medical technologist/clinical laboratory scientist is preferred, but not required, for admission to the master's degree program in clinical laboratory sciences. Scholastic record, experience, personal qualifications and career goals are taken into consideration to determine the applicant’s acceptability.

For additional information on admission, contact the Graduate Program Director, North Kedzie Hall, 354 Farm Lane, Room 322, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan  48824–1031.

Requirements for the Master of Science Degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences

A total of 30 credits is required for the degree under either Plan A (with thesis) or Plan B (without thesis).  The student's program of study must be approved by the student's academic advisor.

Requirements for Both Plan A and Plan B:
1. All of the following courses:
BLD 801 Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Seminar 2
BLD 805 Communication in the Sciences 2
BLD 811 Fundamentals of Scientific Research 1
2. At least 4 credits of 800-level Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics courses approved by the student's academic advisor.
3. One course in biochemistry or cell biology as approved by the guidance committee.
4. One 400-level or 800-level course in statistics as approved by the guidance committee.
5. Not more than 9 credits in 400–level courses. All 400-level courses must be approved by the guidance committee.
Additional Requirements for Plan A:
BLD 899 Master's Thesis Research 7
Additional Requirements for Plan B:
BLD 890 Selected Problems in Clinical Laboratory Science 3


Biomedical Laboratory Operations - Master of Science

The master’s degree program in biomedical laboratory operations is designed for individuals with previous clinical laboratory experience who seek career advancement as managers, administrators, researchers, entrepreneurs and policymakers in the field. The core of this program resides in three major components: science, management and practice. The science component focuses on post-baccalaureate courses planned to develop a high level of competence within the student’s chosen biomedical laboratory discipline. The management component provides a solid foundation in general business including resource management, communication skills, organizational structures, decision making, and essential aspects of working in a regulated industry. The degree is intended to expose individuals to real-life problems with an expectation of generating positive, realistic solutions.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the University and the College of Natural Science, students must meet the requirements specified below.

Admission

Regular admission to the Master of Science degree in Biomedical Laboratory Operations requires completion of a bachelor of science degree, with a minimum grade-point average of 3.0, in a field of study directly related to the focus of this program and a minimum of two years’ experience in a clinical laboratory setting. Applicants must submit official transcripts, three letters of recommendation, a letter of intent or purpose statement, a brief resume, and General Record Examination (GRE) scores. For applicants in which English is not their first language, the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) must be taken. Applicants with certification in a clinical laboratory profession may apply their clinical education or internship experience towards the two-year experience requirement. Scholastic record, experience, personal qualifications and career goals are taken into consideration to determine the applicant’s acceptability.

Requirements for the Master of Science Degree in Biomedical Laboratory Operations

The student must complete 31 credits under Plan B (without thesis). The specific program of study includes competence in statistics and completion of a project in Biomedical Laboratory Operations as determined in consultation with the student’s guidance committee. The final oral examination, which covers both course work and research, is administered by the student’s guidance committee.

1. The following courses (9 credits):
BLD 801 Biomedical Laboratory Diagnostics Seminar 1
BLD 805 Communication in the Sciences 2
BLD 811 Fundamentals of Scientific Research 1
BLD 842 Managing Biomedical Laboratory Operations 2
BLD 844 Topics in Biomedical Laboratory Operations 1
BLD 846 Decision Processes for Biomedical Laboratory Operations 2
2. Complete a minimum of 13 credits in courses with a science focus.
3. Complete a minimum of 3 credits of BLD 895 Projects in Biomedical Laboratory Operations. The project will be determined in consultation with the student's guidance committee.
4. Complete 6 credits of electives as approved by the guidance committee.
5. Pass a final oral examination.