Academic Programs Catalog

College of Agriculture and Natural Resources

Department of Community Sustainability

Michael W. Hamm, Acting Chairperson


The Department of Community Sustainability is an interdisciplinary department that offers programs leading to the Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, and Doctor of Philosophy degrees.

The department's faculty reflects a unique integration of the social sciences, humanities and natural sciences across its research, teaching and outreach missions. This integration advances the department's goal of educating scholars and practitioners who are able to create, integrate and harness new knowledge to protect and improve both social and natural systems. Students can focus their interests in community sustainability around majors and courses that address natural resources and the environment, food systems, recreation and tourism, education and leadership.

The department's programs reflect an understanding that how students learn is as important as what they learn. Courses, service-learning projects, internships, study abroad programs and other co-curricular activities combine academic content with the building of competencies such as fostering dialogue and action on critical issues, decision-making, leveraging diversity in communities and organizations, encouraging innovation within organizations and/or communities, and promoting and sustaining positive change.

 

Undergraduate Programs


Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education

The Bachelor of Science Degree in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education is designed to prepare students for careers as school-based agriculture, food and natural resources teachers at the secondary-level, careers in agricultural and natural resource education fields, or for professional or graduate studies.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education

  1. The University requirements for bachelor’s degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education.

    The University’s Tier II writing requirement for the Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources major is met by completing Community Sustainability 300, 301, and 343. Those courses are referenced in item 3. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources Education major leading to the Bachelor of Science degree in the Department of Community Sustainability may complete an alternative track to Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that consists of the following courses: Biological Science 162 and 172, and Chemistry 141. The completion of Biological Science 172 satisfies the laboratory requirement. Biological Science 162 and 172, and Chemistry 141 may be counted toward both the alternative track and the requirements for the major referenced in item 3. below.

    The completion of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources mathematics requirements may also satisfy the University mathematics requirement.
  2. The requirements of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources for the Bachelor of Science degree. Certain courses referenced in item 3. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  3. The following requirements for the major:
                   
    a. All of the following courses (56 credits):
    ANS 110 Introductory Animal Agriculture 4
    BS 161 Cell and Molecular Biology 3
    BS 162 Organismal and Population Biology 3
    BS 172 Organismal and Population Biology Laboratory 2
    CSS 101 Introduction to Crop Science 3
    CSS 210 Fundamentals of Soil Science 3
    CEM 141 General Chemistry 4
    CSUS 200 Introduction to Sustainability 3
    CSUS 222A Seminar in Instructional Theory I - Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education 1
    CSUS 222B Seminar in Instructional Theory II - Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education 1
    CSUS 222C Seminar in Instructional Theory III - Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education 1
    CSUS 223A Seminar in Leadership Theory I - Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education 1
    CSUS 223B Seminar in Leadership Theory II - Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education 1
    CSUS 223C Seminar in Leadership Theory III - Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education 1
    CSUS 300 Theoretical Foundations of Sustainability 3
    CSUS 301 Community Engagement for Sustainability 3
    CSUS 343 Community Food and Agriculture Systems 3
    FOR 202 Introduction to Forestry 3
    HRT 203 Principles of Horticulture 3
    IBIO 355 Ecology 3
    IBIO 355L Ecology Laboratory (W) 1
    TE 150 Reflections on Learning 3
    TE 250 Human Diversity, Power, and Opportunity in Social Institutions 3
    b. One of the following courses (3 credits):
    ABM 100 Decision-making in the Agri-Food System 3
    ABM 130 Farm Management I 3
    c. One of the following courses (3 credits):
    CSUS 464 Environmental and Natural Resource Policy in Michigan 3
    CSUS 465 Environmental and Natural Resource Law 3
    d. All of the following courses for students admitted into the secondary teacher education program (15 credits):
    TE 302 Learners and Learning in Contexts –  Secondary (W) 4
    TE 407 Teaching Subject Matter to Diverse Learners – Secondary (W) 5
    TE 408 Crafting Teaching Practices – Secondary (W) 5
    TE 409 Crafting Teaching Practices in the Secondary Teaching Minor 1
    e. A secondary disciplinary teaching minor chosen from a list of approved secondary education minors for teacher certification. Refer to the Teacher Certification section of the Department of Teacher Education.
    f. All of the following courses for students not pursuing secondary teacher education certification (15 credits):
    CSUS 493 Professional Internship in Community Sustainability 3
    CSUS 330 Organizational Management for Community Sustainability 3
    or
    CSUS 433 Grant Writing and Fund Development 3
    An additional 9 credits of electives approved by the student’s academic advisor.

Environmental Studies and Sustainability

The Department of Community Sustainability offers a Bachelor of Science degree program with a major in Environmental Studies and Sustainability. This program of study is concerned with who uses natural resources, how they use them, and how positive outcomes of use can be enhanced and negative impacts can be mitigated. It examines resource use and allocation through the lenses of community engagement, sustainability and environmental justice. Students benefit from a broad range of interdisciplinary courses, as well as disciplinary and methods courses carefully selected to enhance students’ technical knowledge. Professional internships, a legacy project and study abroad experiences are encouraged to provide students with experiences beyond the classroom and the university campus. Graduates of this program will be prepared to enter professions in environmental, natural resource, agricultural and community development fields through careers in education, government, private industry, non-profit organizations, and public relations and communications or enter a professional or graduate school program.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Environmental Studies and Sustainability

  1. The University requirements for bachelor’s degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog: 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Environmental Studies and Sustainability.

    The University’s Tier II writing requirement for the Environmental Studies and Sustainability major is met by completing Community Sustainability 330, or 433. Those courses are referenced in item 3. d. below.

    Students who are enrolled in the Environmental Studies and Sustainability major leading to the Bachelor of Science degree in the Department of Community Sustainability may complete an alternative track to Integrative Studies in Biological and Physical Sciences that consists of the following courses: Biological Science 162 and 172, and Chemistry 141. The completion of Biological Science 172 satisfies the laboratory requirement. Biological Science 162 and 172, and Chemistry 141 may be counted toward both the alternative track and the requirements for the major referenced in item 3. below.

    The completion of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources mathematics requirement may also satisfy the University mathematics requirement.
  2. The requirements for the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources for the Bachelor of Science degree.

    Certain courses referenced in requirement 3. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  3. The following requirements for the major (64 to 68 credits):
    a. All of the following courses (31 credits):
    BS 161 Cell and Molecular Biology 3
    BS 162 Organismal and Population Biology 3
    BS 172 Organismal and Population Biology Laboratory 2
    CEM 141 General Chemistry 4
    CSUS 200 Introduction to Sustainability 3
    CSUS 221 Seminar in Environmental and Sustainability Careers 1
    CSUS 300 Theoretical Foundations of Sustainability 3
    CSUS 301 Community Engagement for Sustainability 3
    CSUS 310 History of Environmental Thought and Sustainability 3
    EEP 255 Ecological Economics 3
    IBIO 355 Ecology 3
    b. Two of the following courses (6 credits):
    CSUS 215 International Development and Sustainability 3
    CSUS 265 Exploring Environmental and Sustatinability Issues and Policy with Film 3
    CSUS 273 Introduction to Travel and Tourism 3
    CSUS 276 Sustaining our National Parks and Recreation Lands 3
    c. One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
    CSUS 210 Fundamentals of Soil Science 3
    GEO 206 Physical Geography 3
    GLG 201 The Dynamic Earth 4
    d. One of the following courses (3 credits):
    CSUS 330 Organizational Management for Community Sustainability (W) 3
    CSUS 433 Grant Writing and Fund Development (W) 3
    e. One of the following courses (3 credits):
    CSUS 464 Environmental and Natural Resource Policy in Michigan  3
    CSUS 465 Environmental and Natural Resource Law 3
    FOR 466 Natural Resource Policy 3
    IBIO 446 Environmental Issues and Public Policy 3
    f. Three of the following courses (9 to 11 credits):
    CSUS 320 Environmental Planning and Management 3
    CSUS 354 Water Resources Management 3
    CSUS 425 Environmental Impact Assessment 3
    CSUS 429 Program Evaluation for Community Sustainability 3
    FW 419 Applications of Geographic Information Systems to Natural Resources Management 4
    GEO 221 Introduction to Geographic Information 3
    GEO 325 Geographic Information Systems 3
    g. One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):
    CSUS 322 Leadership for Community Sustainability 3
    CSUS 330 Organizational Management for Community Sustainability (W) 3
    CSUS 473 Social Entrepreneurship for Community Sustainability 3
    CSUS 476 Natural Resource Recreation Management 4
    h. One of the following courses (3 credits):
    CSUS 343 Community Food and Agricultural Systems 3
    CSUS 431 Interpretation and Visitor Information Systems 3
    CSUS 445 Community-Based Environmental and Sustainability Education 3
    CSUS 447 Community Economic Development 3
    i. A minimum of 3 credits in one of the following courses:
    CSUS 418 Community Sustainability Study Abroad 3 to 6
    CSUS 419 International Studies in Community Sustainability 3 to 12
    CSUS 493 Professional Internship in Community Sustainability 3 to 6
    Students may substitute another appropriate course with approval of the department.

Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism

The Department of Community Sustainability offers a Bachelor of Science degree in Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism. By combining a body of specialized professional knowledge with the study of natural, social, management and behavioral sciences, the program provides an opportunity for students to obtain a broad, interdisciplinary education which emphasizes a professional area of knowledge integrated with the tenets of sustainability. The Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism major is designed to prepare students for professional positions related to the management and enjoyment of the outdoors. Such positions include management of public parks, forests and protected areas, non-profit lands and facilities such as camps and commercial enterprises that provide goods and services to outdoor enthusiasts. Meeting people’s outdoor leisure needs, enhancing the quality of life, and providing sustainable economic and social development are hallmarks of the Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism major.

Students in the Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism major will acquire an understanding of natural resource recreation and tourism that integrates sustainability and effectively links theory with practice while engaging the community. This includes the concepts of leisure, tourism, recreation and sustainability, as well as operation of recreation delivery systems, policy, administration, management, planning and evaluation.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism

  1. The University requirements for bachelor's degrees as described in the Undergraduate Education section of this catalog; 120 credits, including general elective credits, are required for the Bachelor of Science degree in Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism.

    The University's Tier II writing requirement for the Sustainable Parks, Recreation and Tourism major is met by completing Community Sustainability 325, 330 or 433. That course is referenced in item 3. below.

    The completion of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources mathematics requirement may also satisfy the University mathematics requirement.
  2. The requirements of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources for the Bachelor of Science degree.

    Certain courses referenced in requirement 3. below may be counted toward College requirements as appropriate.
  3. The following requirements for the major:
                   
    a. All of the following courses (12 to 15 credits):  
      CSUS 200 Introduction to Sustainability 3
      CSUS 300 Theoretical Foundations of Sustainability 3
      CSUS 301 Citizen Engagement for Sustainability 3
      CSUS 493 Professional Internship 3 to 6
    b. One of the following courses (3 credits):  
      CSUS 325 Study and Practice of Communication for Sustainability (W) 3
      CSUS 330 Organizational Management for Community Sustainability (W) 3
      CSUS 433 Grant Writing and Fund Development (W) 3
      Community Sustainability 330 may not be used to fulfill both 3. b. and 3. c.  
    c. Five of the following courses (15 or 16 credits):  
      CSUS 273 Introduction to Travel and Tourism 3
      CSUS 276 Sustaining Our National Parks and Recreation Lands 3
      CSUS 330 Organizational Management for Community Sustainability (W) 3
      CSUS 473 Social Entrepreneurship for Community Sustainability 3
      CSUS 474 Advanced Topics in Tourism Management 3
      CSUS 476 Natural Resource Recreation Management 4
      Community Sustainability 330 may not be used to fulfill both 3. b. and 3. c.  
    d. One of the following courses (3 or 4 credits):  
      FW 419 Applications of Geographic Information Systems to Natural Resources 4
      GEO 221 Introduction to Geographic Information 3
    e. Five of the following courses (14 or 15 credits):  
      ACC 230 Survey of Accounting Concepts 3
      CSS 210 Fundamentals of Soil Science 3
      CSUS 310 History of Environmental Thought and Sustainability 3
      CSUS 354 Water Resources Management 3
      CSUS 429 Program Planning and Evaluation 3
      CSUS 431 Interpretation and Visitor Information Systems 3
      CSUS 445 Community-Based Environmental and Sustainability Education 3
      CSUS 464 Environmental and Natural Resource Policy in Michigan 3
      CSUS 465 Environmental and Law and Policy 3
      EEP 255 Ecological Economics 3
      FOR 412 Wildland Fire   2
      GBL 323 Introduction to Business Law 3
      HB 100 Introduction to Hospitality Business 2
      HB 237 Management of Lodging Systems 3
      HB 267 Management of Food and Beverage Systems 3
      MKT 327 Introduction to Marketing 3



Minor in Sustainable Natural Resource Recreation Management

The Minor in Sustainable Natural Resource Recreation Management is available as an elective to students who are enrolled in bachelor’s degree programs at Michigan State University. Focusing on the management of people, facilities, natural resources and organizations that provide natural resource recreation opportunities, it targets students considering careers in public land management, commercial recreation enterprises, non-profit resource based camps and educational facilities, rural community development, forestry, fisheries, wildlife, criminal justice (conservation/recreation law enforcement), landscape architecture, environmental policy or agriculture. The minor offers students the opportunity to integrate knowledge of social, biological and physical sciences, natural resources and ecosystems to sustainably manage for outcomes that include outdoor recreation.

With the approval of the department that administers the student’s degree program, courses that are used to satisfy the requirements for the minor may also be used to satisfy the requirements for the bachelor’s degree.

Requirements for the Minor in Sustainable Natural Resource Recreation Management

The student must meet the requirements specified below:

1. Both of the following courses (7 credits):
CSUS 276 Sustaining Our National Parks and Recreation Lands 3
CSUS 476 Natural Resource Recreation Management 4
2. One of the following courses outside the student’s course requirements for the major (3 or 4 credits):
ANS 110 Introductory Animal Agriculture 4
CSS 101 Introduction to Crop Science 3
CSUS 200 Introduction to Sustainability 3
CSUS 273 Introduction to travel and Tourism 3
FOR 202 Introduction to Forestry 3
FW 101 Fundamentals of Fisheries and Wildlife Ecology and Management 3
3. Two of the following courses, one of which is outside the student’s course requirements for the major (5 to 7 credits):
CSS 210 Fundamentals of Soil Science 3
CSUS 278 Introduction to Conservation, Recreation and Environmental Enforcement 1
CSUS 354 Water Resources Management 3
CSUS 431 Interpretation and Visitor Information Systems 3
CSUS 464 Environmental and Natural Resource Policy in Michigan 3
CSUS 465 Environmental and Natural Resource Law 3
CSUS 473 Social Entrepreneurship and Community Sustainability 3
CSUS 474 Advanced Topics in Tourism Management 3
FOR 404 Forest Ecology 3
FOR 412 Wildland Fire 2
FOR 466 Natural Resource Policy 3
FW 419 Applications of Geographic Information Systems to Natural Resources Management 4
GEO 221 Introduction to Geographic Information 3
IBIO 355 Ecology 3


Teacher Certification Options

The agriculture, food and natural resources education disciplinary major leading to the Bachelor of Science degree is available for teacher certification. Students who complete the requirements for the agriculture, food and natural resources education major, the requirements for teacher certification, and a minimum of 4000 hours of recent and relevant work experience are recommended for a career and technical endorsement in agricultural education.

An agriculture, food and natural resources education disciplinary minor is available for teacher certification.

Students who elect the agriculture, food and natural resources education disciplinary major or the agriscience disciplinary minor, must contact the Department of Community Sustainability.

For additional information, refer to the statement on TEACHER CERTIFICATION in the Department of Teacher Education section of this catalog.





Graduate Study

The Department of Community Sustainability offers Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degree programs in Community Sustainability and Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management.

Graduate programs in the Department of Community Sustainability provide students the opportunity to create individualized programs that draw from several complementary areas of scholarship. These areas include: community food and agricultural systems; natural resources and the environment; tourism and recreation systems; education and civic engagement; and international development. Today’s communities face complex problems due to ongoing changes to our environmental, social and agricultural/food systems. To aid in meeting these challenges, students’ programs are designed to provide a thorough grounding in integrative, applied research based on multiple paradigms, disciplines and methods.Master’s and doctoral students in the department may choose either degree.  Masters students in both degrees select either the Plan A (research-based) or Plan B (project-based) degree.  A student may not earn a master's degree in both programs.

Students in the graduate degree programs are eligible for a number of graduate certificates.

Students who are enrolled in Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degree programs in the Department of Community Sustainability may elect specializations in resource economics. For additional information, refer to the statement on Interdepartmental Graduate Specializations in Resource Economics.

Students who are enrolled in Master of Science degree programs in the Department of Community Sustainability may elect a Specialization in Environmental Toxicology.  For additional information, refer to the Graduate Specialization in Environmental Toxicology statement.


Community Sustainability - Master of Science

The Master of Science in Community Sustainability provides students with opportunities to engage in integrated and applied research and acquire professional skills.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the university and of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, students must meet the requirements specified below. Students may not be admitted to both the Master of Science degree in Community Sustainability and the Master of Science degree in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management.

Admission

Applicants must have completed a bachelor’s degree or comparable degree requirements from an educational institution. Relevant experience and strong academic backgrounds in the natural, physical, or social sciences are encouraged for applicants to the Master of Science in Community Sustainability. All applicants for admission are required to submit scores from the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination. Collateral courses may be required to overcome deficiencies in addition to the requirements for the master’s degree. Collateral course work will not count towards the master’s degree.

Requirements for the Master of Science Degree in Community Sustainability

The student may elect either Plan A (with thesis) or Plan B (without thesis). Plan A emphasizes integrated and applied research and is designed as the foundation for doctoral study. Plan B focuses on the acquisition of well-defined professional skills, appropriate for a terminal degree and for professional employment.

A minimum of 30 credits is required for the degree under Plan A and Plan B. The student’s program of study must be developed in cooperation with and approved by the student’s guidance committee and must include the requirements specified below.

               
Requirements for Plan A and Plan B  
1. Both of the following courses (6 credits):  
  CSUS 800 Foundations of Community Sustainability
3
  CSUS 802 Survey of Research Methods 3
2. A minimum of 15 credits in course work in a focus area selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee. At least 6 credits of this focus area must be in Community Sustainability courses.  
Additional Requirements for Plan A  
1. A minimum of 3 credits of quantitative or qualitative methods to be selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee.  
2. A minimum of 6 credits of Community Sustainability 899.  
3. Completion and defense of the master’s thesis.  
Additional Requirements for Plan B  
1. A minimum of 3 credits of a techniques or skill-building course relevant to the student’s academic and career goals, to be selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee.  
2. Both of the following courses:  
  CSUS 895 Case Studies in Community Sustainability
3
  CSUS 898 Master’s Professional Project 3
3. Completion and defense of a paper based on the master's professional project.  



Community Sustainability - Doctor of Philosophy

The Doctor of Philosophy in Community Sustainability is designed to enable students to generate new knowledge in complementary fields responsive to rapidly changing conditions in our natural environment and agricultural systems.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the university and of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, students must meet the requirements specified below.

Admission

To be admitted to the Doctor of Philosophy degree program in Community Sustainability a student must have completed a master’s degree. Relevant experience and strong academic backgrounds in the natural, physical, or social sciences, including independent research experience, are strongly encouraged. All applicants are required to submit scores from the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination.

Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Community Sustainability

The student’s program of study must be developed in cooperation with and approved by the student’s guidance committee and must include the requirements specified below.

  1. Complete Community Sustainability 800.
  2. Complete 9 credits of course work in advanced research methods, to be selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee, including at least 3 credits  respectively in quantitative and qualitative methods.
  3. Complete a minimum of 24 credits of course work in two focus areas. At least  9 credits and at least one course in each focus area must be selected from Community Sustainability courses.
  4. Prepare a comprehensive examination program statement that presents the  student’s learning and professional background and goals, and provides a rationale for the  student’s declared focus areas. This statement is prepared in consultation with the student’s guidance committee and is presented to the full faculty for review.
  5. Pass a comprehensive examination based on the student’s comprehensive examination  program statement.
  6. Complete 24 credits of dissertation research and successfully defend the dissertation. Present the results of the research in a  public seminar during the final oral examination.

All students are encouraged to prepare at least one paper from the dissertation research suitable for submission to a professional and/or refereed academic journal.



Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management - Master of Science

The Master of Science degree in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management provides students with opportunities to engage in integrated and applied research and to acquire professional skills for the study, management, administration and planning of tourism and protected areas under the overarching concept of community sustainability.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the university and of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, students must meet the requirements specified below. Students may not be admitted to both the Master of Science degree in Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies and the Master of Science degree in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management.

Admission

Applicants must have completed a bachelor’s degree or comparable degree requirements from an educational institution. Relevant experience and strong academic background in the natural, physical, or social sciences are encouraged. Applicants are required to submit scores from the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination. Collateral courses may be required to overcome deficiencies in addition to the requirements for the master’s degree. Collateral course work will not count towards the master’s degree.

Requirements for the Master of Science Degree in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management
  
The student may elect either Plan A (with thesis) or Plan B (without thesis). Plan A emphasizes integrated and applied research and is designed as the foundation for doctoral study. Plan B focuses on the acquisition of well-defined professional skills, appropriate for a terminal degree and for professional employment and development. A minimum of 30 credits is required for the degree under Plan A or Plan B. The student’s program of study must be developed in cooperation with and approved by the student’s guidance committee and must include the requirements specified below.

               
Requirements for Plan A and Plan B  
1. All of the following courses (9 credits):  
  CSUS 800 Foundations of Community Sustainability
3
  CSUS 802 Survey of Research Methods 3
  CSUS 814 Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management:   
        Theories and Applications 3
2. A minimum of 12 credits in course work in a focus area selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee. At least 6 credits of this focus area must be in Community Sustainability (CSUS) courses.  
               
Additional Requirements for Plan A  
1. A minimum of 3 credits of quantitative or qualitative methods to be selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee.  
2. A minimum of 6 credits of Community Sustainability 899.  
3. Successful completion and defense of the master’s thesis.  
               
Additional Requirements for Plan B  
1. A minimum of 3 credits of a techniques or skill-building course relevant to the student’s academic and career goals, to be selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee.  
2. Both of the following courses (6 credits):  
  CSUS 895 Case Studies in Community Sustainability
3
  CSUS 898 Master’s Professional Project 3
3. Completion and defense of a paper based on the master’s professional project.  



Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management - Doctor of Philosophy

The Doctor of Philosophy degree in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management is designed to enable students to generate new knowledge in the complementary fields of tourism and protected area management under the overarching concept of community sustainability.

In addition to meeting the requirements of the university and of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, students must meet the requirements specified below.

Admission

To be admitted to the Doctor of Philosophy degree program in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management, a student must have completed a master’s degree in any field. Relevant experience and strong academic backgrounds in the natural, physical, or social sciences, including independent research experience, are strongly encouraged. All applicants are required to submit scores from the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination.

Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management

The student’s program of study must be developed in cooperation with and approved by the student’s guidance committee and must include the requirements specified below:

                 
1. Both of the following courses (6 credits):    
  CSUS 800 Foundations of Community Sustainability
3  
  CSUS 814 Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area    
        Management: Theories and Applications 3  
  If a student already has credit in CSUS 814, these credits must be replaced by another 3 credits of research or a course relevant to one of the student's two focus areas.
   
2. Complete a minimum of 9 credits of course work in advanced research methods, to be selected in consultation with the student’s guidance committee, including at least 3 credits respectively in quantitative and qualitative methods.
   
3. Complete a minimum of 21 credits in course work grouped in two focus areas each of which must have a minimum of 9 credits. Of these, at least 9 credits in total and at least one course in each focus area must be selected from Community Sustainability (CSUS) courses unless the student has previously completed a Master of Science degree in Sustainable Tourism and Protected Area Management.
   
4. Prepare a comprehensive examination program statement that presents the student’s learning and professional background and goals, and provides a rationale for the student’s declared focus areas. This statement is prepared in consultation with the student’s guidance committee and is presented to the full faculty for review.    
5. Pass a comprehensive examination based on the student’s comprehensive examination program statement.
6. Complete 24 credits of doctoral dissertation research and successfully defend the dissertation. Present the results of the research in a public seminar during the final oral examination.    
                 
All students are encouraged to prepare at least one paper from the dissertation research suitable for submission to a professional and/or refereed academic journal.